Kidney Disease Causes
Kidney Disease Causes– What Is Kidney Disease ?
Like so many other things, we don’t appreciate them until they are gone. Sometimes, even if something is just not working well we wish for healthier times. This is so true for those that suffer from kidney disease. It could be a minor condition like a kidney infection that antibiotics or other medicines can cure or it may be more serious such as a chronic kidney disease where the loss of a kidney is a possibility. Kidney dialysis may also be a new way of life.
Let’s start at the beginning in talking about kidney disease causes and kidney disease treatment.
The kidney location is important. Each healthy person has two kidneys.
They are the shape of a bean. Each of them is about the size of an apple. They are situated in the middle of your back below the rib cage. Many people will know they are having problems with their kidneys when they develop ‘back pain’ which really doesn’t have to do with their back muscles at all.
Inside these two bean-shaped structures are millions of microscopic ‘nephrons’ that are responsible for filtering the blood. If they do a good job, the blood stays healthy and the waste that is filtered out keeps the kidneys healthy. The waste is then passed from the kidneys down tubes called ureters and both ureters end up connecting to the bladder. The bladder then stores the urine until it is evacuated from the body.
Kidney disease causes can be acute (coming on quickly with symptoms apparent) or chronic (could be several years). One example of acute kidney disease is a urinary tract infection caused by bacteria. Bacteria grows everywhere especially in warm moist places so it is amazing more people do not have more urinary tract infections. Females on antibiotics for unrelated conditions frequently will then end up with a urinary tract infection as the condition in the urinary tract is ripe for growing bacteria.
Another example of acute kidney disease is when the nephons are damaged from injury. Kidney stones will cause kidney disease. Signs and symptoms of kidney disease for stones include passing blood when urinating, back pain and even headache. A kidney stone may be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a pearl.
Kidney disease can also be chronic in nature and can occur over several years. Diseases such as diabetes or hypertension (high blood pressure) will slowly weaken and damage the nephrons so they will be less able to do their job effectively. Early signs of kidney disease of this nature will be fatigue, itchy skin (from the toxins that are not being filtered out appropriately), and high blood pressure. This is what ‘renal hypertension’ relates to.
When kidney disease is left untreated, or when the disease has progressed too far for conservative methods, either a kidney transplant is necessary or kidney dialysis. Blood tests will be used by the nephrologist (physician specializing in kidney issues) to determine how damaged the kidneys are along with the condition of the patient. Chronic Renal failure is diagnoses when certain blood tests are quite elevated such as a BUN or creatinine test. Kidney failure symptoms include headache and ‘foggy thinking’, decreased urination, nausea and losing weight when you are not trying.
Chronic renal failure will require either kidney dialysis or a kidney transplant. People are able to live well with just one healthy functioning kidney. Kidney dialysis, once the procedures are done to implant the tubing devices, may be 3-5hours/day 2 or 3 times per week. It is not possible to reverse the damage that is done from chronic kidney disease but it is able to be managed.